Flora & Fauna

Flora & Fauna

The 330 acres of land at the President’s Estate harbours a rich biodiversity. Open spaces, forest cover, parks, gardens, patches of wilderness, numerous fruit bearing trees and water bodies, have all contributed in supporting rich flora and fauna at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

A nature trail spread over 75 acres has been developed in the Estate for its residents to raise awareness about nature conservation. The nature trail covers both managed and natural eco systems of the Estate and is connected to the gardens of Rashtrapati Bhavan by well laid paths. The main features of the nature trail are the pond ecosystem, butterfly corner, ber groove, mango orchard, peacock point, orangery, the forest ecosystem, the mica point amongst others. Hundred and thirty six wild and cultivated plant species and eighty four animal species comprising forty two invertebrates and an equal number of vertebrates like frogs, garden lizards, snakes etc. have been sighted along the trail. A total of thirty two bird species have also been sighted along the trail which includes Myna, Red vented Bulbul, Indian Grey Hornbill and others. However, Dr. Thomas Mathew, in his book Winged Wonders of Rashtrapati Bhavan has captured one hundred and eleven species of birds in their habitats at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. They included species like Egyptian Vulture, Red-naped Ibis, Spanish Sparrow, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Rofous Treepie, Common Woodshrike, Indian Grey Hornbill and many more. Noted trees of the Estate include, Sita Ashok, Bistendu, Shisham, Gab, Gourd Trees, Wild Almond, Lemon-Scented Gum, Doon Siris and more. Around 5000 trees of 160 species are a part of the Estate.

Given his well known love for nature, Hon’ble President Pranab Mukherjee, has taken steps to make the President’s Estate a haven for birds. During his presidency, around 2000 different varieties of trees were planted in the Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate, including 1000 fruit bearing trees like Indian Gooseberry, Guava, Pomegranate, Custard Apples, Mango, Jamun etc. In President's words, “Rashtrapati Bhavan with its magnificent gardens, open spaces and parks with several hundreds of fruit trees, in a protected environment, is a haven for them. We are trying to develop this ecosystem further through creation of wetlands which we hope shall encourage an even larger number of species of birds to both breed and visit here.” In 2015, President Mukherjee also inaugurated a sewage treatment plant, the recycled water from which could be used to fill up a reservoir to draw wetland birds.

Remembering Late President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and his love for nature, his poem Banyans’ Question Echoes In My Soul rightly captures the essence of the rich flora and fauna of the Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate.


It’s midday  
Simmering summer scorching the streets  
Mirages galore, mankind in despair  
Shining hot sun’s sweltering heat  
Soaking the world with shocking brightness  
Sulking world just wiping its sweat  
Yet I was standing under the beautiful shade  
Roof of that lovely banyan groove  
Sixteen grown up banyans and their aerial roots  
Like all of them arm-linked and warding off sunrays  
Oh! that lovely cool breeze, and what a respite in heat  
Kindred of birds were jumping in branches  
Koels were hiding in the coolest corners  
Yet their bleary eyes surveyed fiery sunrays  
Mynas were teaching fight techniques to kids  
Peacocks were rehearsing at the brim of the shade  
With half-blown feathers and peahens in pursuit  
And, a question got beamed with laser like precision  
Like small strand of sunrays that escaped leaves  
Ye dear mankind! Possessor of sixth sense!  
We bear all the heat and render you shade  
Many an animal and birds including mankind  
Get soul gratifying relief from this scorching heat  
Yet what do you give to one another and world  
Banyans’ question echoes in my soul   
- Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam